The BMP 3

BMP 3Successor to the Soviet amphibious infantry fighting vehicle family,the BMP 3 (Boevaya Mashina PehotyBMP /Боевая Машина Пехоты, literally “Infantry Combat Vehicle”) is one of the most heavily armed infantry combat vehicles in service.The Instrument Design Bureau in Tula was the leading developer of the BMP-3 armament system while the machine building plant in the town of Kurgan developed the vehicle.

Fitted with a low-velocity 2A70 100mm rifled gun, firing conventional shells or 9M117 ATGMs (AT-10 Stabber) (40 100mm rounds and 8 ATGMs), a 2A72 30mm dual feed autocannon firing 500 rounds at 350 to 400 RPM, and a 7.62mm PKT machine gun with 2,000 rounds, all mounted coaxially in the turret,the BMP 3 is one of the most lethal military vehicles in the world.The design of the BMP-3 or Obyekt 688M is based on the Obyekt 685 light tank prototype with 100mm gun 2A48-1 from 1975.BMP-3 was developed in the early 1980s and entered service with the Soviet Army officially in 1987.

bmp3_05The BMP-3 is capable of engaging targets out to 5,000–6,000 meters with its ATGM weapon system 9K116-3 “Basnya”.The rigid coaxiality of a 30 mm gun and the barrel of a 100 mm gun, coupled with the high precision and dynamic characteristics of the powerful stabilizer ensure high accuracy in its firing.The turret,fitted with the 2K23 system, consists of an automatic loader with 22 rounds, a ballistic computer 1V539, a cross-wind sensor, a 2E52-2 stabilising system, the 1D16-3 laser range finder, the 1K13-2 gunner’s sight/guidance device, the PPB-1 gunner’s sight and an OU-5-1 IR search light. The commander has a combined optical sight 1PZ-10, a day/night vision device TKN-3MB and an IR search light OU-3GA2.Since 2005, the BMP-3 can be fitted with a new fire control system from “Peleng” Joint Stock Company from Belarus. This consists of the SOZH-M gunner’s main sight with integrated laser range-finder and missile-guidance channel, the Vesna-K targeting system with thermal imaging camera and automatic target tracker AST-B, an armament stabilisation system, a ballistic computer with data input sensors and a PL-1 IR laser projector.

Infantry combat vehicles are the main combatant and transportation facilities for motorized infantry; therefore, the characteristics of their armament and compliance with modern requirements are of fundamental importance.One of the major requirements is the speed of the Vehicle along with its weapons platform.The BMP-3 vehicle weighs 18.7 tons and thanks to its V-shaped UTD-29 diesel engine producing 500hp,the BMP 3 can achieve speeds of 72 km/h (45 mph) (road),45 km/h (28 mph) (off-road) & 10 km/h (6.2 mph) (water).

030223-N-1050K-001Known also to be the most armoured Combat Infantry Carrier,hull and turret of the BMP 3 are made of aluminium, front being provided with a layer of spaced armor. Over the frontal 60 degree arc the vehicle is protected against 30 mm armor-piercing rounds of 2A42 gun at a range of 300 m. In an effort to improve battlefield survivability the fuel tanks are also located in the floor of the vehicle.The BMP-3 can lay its own smoke screen by injecting fuel into the exhaust.A chemical agent detector, an FVU filtration system, an automatic fire extinguisher and six smoke grenade launchers 81mm 902V “Tucha-2” are standard.An ERA reactive armour kit is currently available providing increased protection, however, using ERA on an IFV is considered problematic by some experts since in the event of the malfunction of the ERA, it can possibly pose a threat to friendly troops located in the vicinity of the vehicle.The BMP-3 has also an ability to carry Shtora electro-optical jammer that disrupts semiautomatic command to line of sight (SACLOS) antitank guided missiles, laser rangefinders and target designators. Shtora is a soft-kill, or passive-countermeasure system.

Countries who presently opearte the BMP 3 are; Azerbaijan ,Cyprus,Greece,Indonesia,Kuwait,Russia,South Korea,Sri Lanka,Ukraine,United Arab Emirates,Turkmenistan & Venezuela . Russia sees India as a Potential Customer for the BMP 3 .